10 Possible Risk Factors Leading To Edema

Edema is the medical term for swelling caused by excess fluid in the body’s tissues. It usually occurs in the arms, hands, legs, ankles, and feet. About four million people from all ages in the United States suffer from edema, especially the elderly.

And the following factors could be to blame for it…

1. Injuries

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Things like a twisted ankle, insect bites, and other kinds of injuries can cause edema. This happens because of the increased flow of fluid and white blood cells into the injured areas.

When the balance of substances in your blood is off, something’s bound to go flowin’… 

2. Hypoalbuminemia

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Hypoalbuminemia is when the protein level in the blood hits low and water leaves the blood vessels and builds up in the tissues, as the albumin and other proteins in the blood help keep fluid in the blood vessels. 

Here’s something a lot of people are all too familiar with…

3. Allergic Reactions 

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Most allergic reactions often end in swelling as a response to the allergen. Food allergies in particular can cause throat or tongue edema, which can make breathing especially difficult.

Clogging causes buildups, and buildups end up in swelling…

4. Obstruction Of Blood Flow

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Fluid can build up if drainage from a part of your body is blocked. Edemas, particularly leg edemas, are sometimes caused by tumors and blood clots that both block fluid and blood flow.

Life-threatening conditions bring about adverse effects on the body, as the following shows…

5. Congestive Heart Failure

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Fluids gradually build up when the heart’s lower chambers begin to weaken, causing it to pump less blood. As a result, the legs, ankles, feet, as well as the abdomen do not receive significant blood flow.

Some diseases are known for causing swelling in various parts of the body…

6. Liver Diseases

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Liver disorders like liver cirrhosis are known to slow down blood flow via the liver. This affects the portal vein and can make fluid leak and build up in the legs and the abdomen, which can also cause leg edema and ascites.

In more serious cases, other parts of the body begin to suffer too…

7. Kidney Diseases 

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Nephrotic syndrome is a type of kidney disease where edema is one of its primary symptoms. The eyes, legs, and ankles are particularly affected by severe swelling.

The miracle of bringing life into the world can be quite a bumpy ride, too…

8. Pregnancy

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While it’s fairly normal for pregnant women to experience mild leg edema. However, pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and deep vein thrombosis can also cause edema in the legs, face, hands, and even throughout the body.

Not even the brain is spared…

9. Head Injuries & Conditions

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Cerebral edema occurs when fluid is retained in the brain tissue. Factors like head trauma, hyponatremia, and brain tumors can trigger this. This kind of edema causes headaches, confusion, comas, and even death.

Sometimes, even our supposed remedies can have strange effects…

10. Medications 

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Medicines often have strange, undesired side-effects, but there are those that can cause strange conditions like edema, especially in the legs. Ironically, ibuprofen, as well as corticosteroids, may actually bring about or worsen edema since they both cause sodium and fluid retention.


History Facts - The Ice Age

  1. Twenty thousand years ago, humans and wolves hunted the same prey. As such, a partnership was the best choice for the two. Both parties benefited, with the wolves benefiting from human cleverness, and the humans taking advantage of wolf agility.
  2. Since humans have a tendency to protect abandoned cubs, and wolf cubs are easily able to acknowledge and adapt to human hierarchical rules. This is the origin story of the dog-human partnership as every single dog breed originated from these ancient wolves.
  3. Animal domestication originated from the human-wolf agreement where both species benefited from each other. Animals must have a willingness to be domesticated. Apart from wolves, other large mammals such as sheep, goats, pigs, horses, and cows were domesticated as well.
  4. A 12,000-year-old jawbone from a dog was discovered in a cave in Iraq. It is the earliest proof of canine domestication. Puppies with strong barks who had beautiful fur, or were friendly and obedient were selectively bred.
  5. Sheep were the first animals to be domesticated for food. Not long after, goats joined their ranks. This started sometime around 9,000 BC. More settled communities started domesticating pigs and cattle around 7,000 BC, ensuring a regular supply of meat.
  6. Having these animals as livestock provided many additional benefits to the Neolithic man. When they died, their leather and wool were used for making clothing. Their horn and bones were used to make sharp tools. Even their fat went to a good cause: creating candles.

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