The thought of getting hemorrhoids might be a little revolting to most people. Hemorrhoids, thankfully, are pretty easy to treat, depending on their severity, and there are easy DIY home remedies to help relieve them.
Below, we’ve outlined some of the best remedies, operations and accessible treatments available, so read on if you’re in need of relief…
1. Eat Fiber-Rich Foods
Fiber will definitely be your buddy in relieving hemorrhoids. Why? Fiber-rich foods and other fiber supplements like Metamucil, Fiber Con, and Citrucel help soften excreta (stool), allowing easier bowel movements.
Foods rich in fiber include:
- Legumes (e.g., beans, lentils, chickpeas, nuts, and soybeans)
- Whole grains (e.g., barley, corn, quinoa, oats, and brown rice)
- Vegetables (e.g., broccoli, kale, turnips, cauliflower, and cabbages)
- Fruits (e.g., bananas, apples, peaches, raspberries, and pears)
And avoid the following foods in low in fiber, as they can aggravate constipation:
- All dairy products
- Red meat (as well as processed meats)
- Fried foods
- Salty and spicy foods
When paired with healthy fiber intake, the following greatly relieves strained bowel movements…
Frequently drinking water and other non-alcoholic beverages can also assist in softening and discharging hardened built-up fecal matter.
The following drinks are to be avoided at all costs:
- Caffeinated drinks (e.g., coffee, soft drinks, and energy drinks)
- Dairy (e.g., milk drinks and shakes)
- All alcoholic beverages
After transitioning to a healthy diet, we can get back on our feet and do the following…
Exercising is a good way to relieve hemorrhoids. It helps bowel movements by easing blood flow and stretching your strained lower-body muscles. Aerobic exercises like jogging, running, and brisk walking are especially recommended.
After exercising, you can rest a bit and try this next remedy…
4. Take a Sitz Bath
This remedy involves taking a warm, shallow bath. The purpose is to cleanse and relieve itching and irritation in the perineum (the space between the vulva/scrotum and the rectum). For hemorrhoids, sitz baths reduce inflammation and clean the anogenital area (around the anus and genitals).
Preparing a sitz bath is easy. For this, you can either use a bathtub or a large-enough bowl. Then, try the following:
- Pour warm water into the bowl/tub.
- Mix 2 tablespoons of a solute with the water (basic or Epsom salt, vinegar, baking soda, or even lavender oils).
- Sit down in the bowl/tub for about 15-20 minutes. Make sure that the perineum/anogenital area is well-soaked.
- Once done, gently wipe the areas dry with a clean towel.
- Cleanse the bowl/tub thoroughly for the next use.
- Repeat the bath as needed.
Those who aren’t fans of baths may enjoy the following remedy instead…
5. Take Medication
Taking over-the-counter painkillers like ibuprofen (Advil), aspirin, or acetaminophen (Tylenol) often helps relieve hemorrhoid pains. One can also apply special ointments and creams to the affected area. Suppositories—ones that are inserted into the rectum—are also helpful.
Aside from these home remedies, you can ask your doctor about the following treatment…
6. Opt for Rubber Band Ligation
In rubber band ligation, the attending doctor positions a rubber band around the base of the hemorrhoids. This band cuts their blood supply, making the hemorrhoid shrink and scars the remaining tissue around it. Overall, this method is repeated until the hemorrhoid is eliminated.
Opting for a less messy treatment? The following could also be an option…
7. Partake in Sclerotherapy
In sclerotherapy, a chemical solution called a “sclerosant” is injected into an internal hemorrhoid. This injection causes scar tissue to form, which makes it shrink gradually over time. This treatment lasts up to 10 minutes and will be repeated as needed.
While this procedure involves chemicals, the next one uses electric currents…
8. Pursue Electrocoagulation
In this treatment, the doctor makes use of electric currents to cause a scarring reaction at the affected area. This process cuts off the hemorrhoid’s blood supply and shrinks it thereafter.
Another option makes use of radiation to eliminate hemorrhoids…
9. Pursue Infrared Photocoagulation
A relatively new anti-hemorrhoidal treatment, infrared photocoagulation makes simultaneous use of mechanical pressure and radiation to stop blood flow to the hemorrhoid. According to renowned Indian surgeon Dr. Pravin Jaiprakash Gupta, this procedure is relatively quicker and safer than many other methods.
If your hemorrhoids are protruding or if they are internal, prolapsing, and not responsive to other treatments, surgery might be on the table…
10. Opt for Hemorrhoidectomy
The name sounds intimidating, but this is a traditional and highly effective approach to treating hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoidectomy is often considered for cases of large, prolapsing hemorrhoidal masses.
Here, the doctor creates a small incision around both the internal and external hemorrhoid tissue and removes its blood vessels. Anesthesia is given for this treatment.