History Facts - Indian Independence
- The first Prime Minister of independent India was Jawaharlal Nehru. At his infamous inauguration, he delivered his now-famous speech, "Tryst with Destiny".
- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar wrote the final draft of the Indian constitution, which is one of the longest in the world. It was adopted formally on November 26, 1949, nearly two years after the declaration of the nation's independence.
- The Indian Constitution was legally declared valid on January 26, 1950. The date is celebrated across the country as its official "Republic Day".
- The official Day of Independence is August 15. It was chosen by Lord Mountbatten, the first governor-general and last viceroy of India, as it was the same day in 1945 that allied forces defeated Japan at the end of World War II.
- The official Indian national flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya, an agriculturalist and freedom fighter.
- While the entire nation of India was celebrating their independence day, M.K. Gandhi, who was a leading figurehead of the movement, was not present. At the time, Gandhi was fasting in order to end the Hindu-Muslim riots in Bengal.
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